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Horse Times Magazine :: Winter Issue # 52

PUBLISHED WINTER 2016, ISSUE 52 FEATURES:

THE MOROCCO ROYAL TOUR
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THE 9TH SALON DU CHEVAL D’EL JADIDA
CARRIES A MESSAGE OF REVIVAL TO THE TRADITIONAL EQUESTRIAN ART

JUMPER OF THE YEAR
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GERMANY TAKE..

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- FEI WORLD CUP™ VAULTING FINAL 2017: ITALY AND GERMANY TAKE HOME MALE, FEMALE AND PAS-DE-DEUX

- CHI ALSHAQAB 2017: SCOTT BRASH SCOTT BRASH PREVAILS AT THE CSI5* GRAND PRIX

- BOYD EXELL WINS HIS SEVENTH FEI WORLD CUP™ DRIVING TITLE

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>> EFFECTIVE DURATION OF TETANUS VACCINATION
Date: Wednesday, October 28, 2015
Horse Times Egypt: Equestrian Magazine :News :EFFECTIVE DURATION OF TETANUS VACCINATION

Equine Veterinary Journal Early View September 2015

By Heather Ferguson

 

Duration of tetanus immunoglobulin G titres following basic immunisation of horses

Kendall, A., Anagrius, K., Ganheim, A., Rosanowski, S.M. and Bergstrom, K.

 

Tetanus vaccination protocols vary widely worldwide, and there is no evidence-based consensus for the frequency of tetanus boosters. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a commercial tetanus vaccine (Equilis Prequenza TE) at providing protective levels of immunity over a 3-year study period. Thirty-four horses received the first dose of vaccine aged between 5 and 11 months, a second dose 4 weeks later and a third between 15 and 17 months after the second dose.

 

Serum samples were obtained before the first dose, 2 weeks after the second dose and 14-16 months after the second dose and then yearly for 3 years following the third dose. Serum antibody titres to tetanus were determined by a tetanus-toxin binding ELISA, the limit of detection for which was 0.04 iu/ml. The recognised minimum IgG titre for protection in horses is 0.01 iu/ml, based on studies in other species. Therefore the test could not determine whether immunity was adequate (>0.01 iu/ml) in one horse with an antibody titre of less than 0.04iu/ml after the complete vaccination course, so this horse was excluded from further study and vaccinated.

 

Before the first dose, 38% of the group (median age of 7.5 months) had no detectable antibody titres. The rest (median age 6 months) had detectable titres related to maternally derived antibodies. All horses had detectable antibodies when sampled 2 weeks after the second dose. Horses with no detectable antibodies pre-vaccination mounted a greater immune response compared to those that had detectable pre-vaccination antibodies suggesting that maternally derived antibodies in younger animals may interfere with the development of a strong vaccine response.

 

For reasons unrelated to the study, the number of horses declined throughout the study. When sampled 14-16 months after the second dose, 28 of 33 (85%) had detectable antibody titres. One year after the third dose, 96% of 26 horses had detectable antibodies. Two years after the third dose, 16 of 16 horses had detectable antibodies and at the end of the study (3 years after the third dose) 8 of 8 horses remaining had detectable antibodies suggesting that after a primary course of 3 doses, protective levels of immunity to tetanus are maintained for 3 years.

 

 

Bottom line:

 

After a primary course of 3 vaccinations according to the described protocol, levels of immunity well above those considered to be protective against tetanus are maintained for 3 years. Current booster guidelines may require revision.

 

 

--Ends--

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